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A workshop titled ’Social Dimensions of Marine Protected Area Implementation in India: Do Fishing Communities Benefit?’ was organized by the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) in Chennai, India, in January 2009. The workshop highlighted the need to integrate fundamental principles of participation, environmental justice and human rights into the implementation of marine and coastal protected areas (MCPAs).

The subsequent Delhi Workshop, which is reported in this publication, was also organized from a fishing-community perspective as a follow-up to the 2009 workshop. It was held against the backdrop of India’s decision to host the 11th Conference of the Parties (COP11) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Hyderabad, in October 2012, which has the programme of work on marine and coastal biodiversity on its agenda. Notably, the theme identified by the CBD for the International Day for Biological Diversity in 2012 is also marine and coastal biodiversity.

The Delhi Workshop, conducted during 1-2 March 2012, brought together 65 participants, who included representatives of fishworker and support organizations, activists, scientists, researchers, lawyers, environmental group members and representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture...