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Issue No:57
  • :0973–1121
  • :November
  • :2010
  • :English

Then the fish came alive, with his death in him, and rose high out of the water showing all his great length and width and all his power and his beauty. He seemed to hang in the air above the old man in the skiff. Then he fell into the water with a crash that sent spray over the old man and over all of the skiff.

—from The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest  Hemingway

United States : GE SALMON

Frankenfish Salmon

The United States is close to approving genetically engineered salmon in what could well turn out to be a global problem

This article is by Eric Hoffman (, Biotechnology Policy Campaigner, Friends of the Earth, United States of America

The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced on 25 August 2010 that it is considering approval of a genetically engineered (GE) salmon for human consumption, which would make it the first GE animal in the world to enter the food supply chain. Approval of this transgenic salmon is extremely problematic for fishing communities and consumers in the US and around the world.

The Atlantic salmon in question has been genetically engineered by AquaBounty Technologies to produce growth hormones year-round, which, the company claims, will make it grow twice as fast. This is done by artificially combining growth hormone genes from an unrelated Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from the anti-freeze genes of an eelpout.

AquaBounty plans to fertilize their GE salmon eggs on Prince Edward Island in Canada, grow out the salmon in contained inland tanks in Panama, and then process and ship the fish back to the US for consumption....



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