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Issue No:57
  • :0973–1121
  • :November
  • :2010
  • :English

Then the fish came alive, with his death in him, and rose high out of the water showing all his great length and width and all his power and his beauty. He seemed to hang in the air above the old man in the skiff. Then he fell into the water with a crash that sent spray over the old man and over all of the skiff.

—from The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest  Hemingway


Tsunami Recovery

The tsunami that hit the Juan Fernández islands of Chile has tested the resilience of the traditional tenure system of the fishing community of the area

This article is by Billy Ernst (, Departamento de Oceanografía, Universidad de Concepción. Concepción, Chile, Julio Chamorro ( and Pablo Manríquez (, Sindicato de Trabajadores Independientes Pescadores Artesanales, Juan Fernández, Chile, and J M (Lobo) Orensanz (, Centro Nacional Patagónico, Puerto Madryn, Argentina

Some time in October 1704, the 16-gun buccaneer galleon Cinque Ports reached the uninhabited Más a Tierra Island, about 415 miles off central Chile, for restocking food and fresh water. There, sailing master Alexander Selkirk got into an argument with Captain Thomas Stradling about the seaworthiness of the vessel. Selkirk, an ill-tempered Scot, was left on the island with a musket, gunpowder, carpenter’s tools, a knife, a Bible, some clothing and rope. He was rescued four years and four months later; his story inspired Daniel Defoe’s fictional character Robinson Crusoe. During his long period of isolation, Selkirk learned to make use of whatever resources were...



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