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Issue No:63
  • :0973-1121
  • :November
  • :2012
  • :English

The Sea Hold

The sea is large.
The sea hold on a leg of land in the Chesapeake hugs an early sunset
and a last morning star over the oyster beds and the late clam boats
of lonely men.
Five white houses on a half-mile strip of land … five white dice
rolled from a tube.

Not so long ago … the sea was large…
And today the sea has lost nothing … it keeps all.

I am a loon about the sea.
I make so many sea songs, I cry so many sea cries, I forget so many
sea songs and sea cries.

I am a loon about the sea.
So are five men I had a fish fry with once in a tar-paper shack
trembling in a sand storm.

The sea knows more about them than they know themselves.
They know only how the sea hugs and will not let go.

The sea is large.
The sea must know more than any of us.

­­—Carl Sandburg

Chile / Subsidies

Fishing for Answers

A recent study assessed the social and ecological outcomes of government subsidies for small-scale fisheries in Chile


This article, by Brian O’Riordan (, is based on “An Empirical Analysis of the Social and Ecological Outcomes of State Subsidies for Small-scale Fisheries: A Case Study from Chile” by Carolin I. Mondaca-Schachermayer, Jaime Aburto, Georgina Cundill, Domingo Lancellotti, Carlos Tapia, and Wolfgang Stotz, published in Ecology and Society 16(3): 17 2011. (


Around the world, small-scale fisheries, because they are often associated with poverty, low levels of income and poor infrastructure, receive substantial support from governmental institutions. Such support may be through specific development programmes, investments in infrastructure, subsidies for vessels and fish-catching equipment, tax concessions on fuel, income support, and so on.

The provision of such support to the fisheries sector in general is the subject of international debate, sometimes highly polarized and often contentious. In particular, ineffectual management and governance systems tend to be overlooked by those who contend that all subsidies are bad because they...



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